Japan International Forestry Promotion and Cooperation Center
Research and Develop Techniques of Management and Conservation of Tropical Forests

JIFPRO conducts extensive research and develops techniques which contribute to the sustainable management and conservation of tropical forests. Following are the major research projects and technical development projects implemented so far.
œ Study of Countermeasures to Prevent Forest Damage Caused by Acid Rain

Period of implementation: Fiscal 1992 - 1996

Extensive study of forest damage caused by acid rain has taken place through investigations in Southeast Asia as well as through surveys in Middle East and Europe. Activities of the study include: (1) surveys to evaluate the status of forest damage caused by acid rain in Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand; (2) studies which contribute to the development of monitoring systems appropriate in these areas and to the establishment of countermeasures used to fight these problems; (3) surveys in the Gulf region to evaluate the status of forest damage caused by acid fallout from the Gulf War; and (4) collection and analysis of materials on the extent of damage to forests caused by acid rain in Europe, etc.

Technical Report

œ Study of Promotion of Carbon Absorption Projects

Period of implementation: Fiscal 1992 - 1996

Extensive study of forest sinks in Southeast Asia have taken place primarily through surveys. Conclusions of these studies include assessments or evaluations of: (1) potential levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration by natural vegetation in the areas; (2) the carbon sink capacity of abandoned land because of slash-and-burn shifting cultivation; (3) biomass production in tropical tree species; (4) the productivity of tropical forest plantations for carbon fixation; (5) soil carbon stocks in tropical forests; and (6) the use of wood products from a viewpoint of carbon stocks.

Technical Report

œ Research on Possible Uses of Tropical Plantation Timber

Period of implementation: Fiscal 1994 - 1998

Research on the development of a new range of applications for tropical plantation timber processed from fast-growing species has taken place from two aspects: one is from processing techniques; and the other is from forest management techniques toward that aim. Topics include: (1) the assessment of anatomical properties, qualities and aptitudes for processing of timber produced from nine typical fast-growing species; (2) trial production; (3) examination of the potential of each species for production; (4) field surveys of plantation sites of fast-growing species in Indonesia and Malaysia, etc.; (5) surveys of the present status of heartwood rot in Mangium (Acacia mangium Willd.) in the same areas; and (6) drawing up of proposals for a manual of forest management for guiding the present plantations of fast-growing species to forest stands with higher value added quality.

Technical Report

A desk produced with as a trial production Acacia mangium

œ Research on the Rehabilitation of Devastated Land

Period of implementation: Fiscal 1995 - 2000

Experimental forests have been established for the purpose of rehabilitating devastated land, such as immature soil, saline soil and acid soil, in the tropics, thus restoring their original forest environment. Investigations of sandy immature soil in Malaysia, of strongly acid soil in Indonesia and of solonchak (white alkali soil) in Thailand include: (1) solving the problem of productivity for the soil at each site; (2) collection and analysis of data on the improvement of soil through test planting; and (3) preparation of a technical guideline for each soil.

Technical Report

œ Project on Promotion of Model-Forest Activities

Period of implementation: Fiscal 1998 - 2002

The project to promote model-forest activities, which demonstrate sustainable forest management, has taken place primarily in Southeast Asia through the development of community participation systems appropriate to actual circumstances in local areas. Activities of the project include: (1) a case study in Mexico; (2) feasibility studies in Vietnam, Myanmar, Mongolia and Nepal; (3) selection of project sites in Vietnam and Myanmar; (4) guiding local communities to frame plans of land use by themselves and to practice forest improvement activities in demonstration forests; and (5) structuring project stakeholders and holding seminars, etc. to spread the movement extensively. Activities in Vietnam and in Myanmar were done in collaboration with the Vietnam Forestry University and the Forestry Department of Myanmar respectively.

œ Collaborative Project for Promoting Utilization of Abandoned Biomass from the Tropical Forests

Period of implementation: Fiscal 1999 - 2003

Effective utilization of a large quantity of abandoned biomass such as logging residue and sawmill residue helps for the reduction of excessive harvesting of wood in the tropics. After conducting surveys on the present status of biomass utilization in four countries in Asia, the actual project took place in Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines, in collaboration with their respective administrative bodies and/or research institutes in forestry. Activities included the development of wood waste recycling techniques, e.g., the improvement of carbonization methods, producing useable products such as wood vinegar, and practical use of other extracts, as well as the development of systems for the promotion of effective utilization.

Technical Report

Production test for charcoal and wood vinegar from sawmill residue, in Indonesia

œ Study of Sustainable Forest Management Based on Community Participation

Period of implementation: Fiscal 2001 - 2005

For the prevention of further deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries, local community participation is a key element. This is important not only in tree planting but also in the succeeding process of forest management. Thus the forests are managed and used sustainably with the participation of the local community. For this purpose investigations into methods to develop sustainable forest management based on community participation through an agroforestry approach have taken place in Indonesia. At the plantation site established by the Japan and Indonesia Friendship Afforestation Project, various methods were introduced, for actual trials, as incentives to local people. These methods include growing cash crops, such as turmeric, under the trees and producing fuelwood by pruning. After the completion of the study, the forest is cooperatively managed by the local forestry office and community.

Technical Report

Growing of turmeric as agroforestry in Indonesia

œ Collaborative Project to Collect Fundamental Data Necessary for the Development of A/R CDM Projects

Period of implementation: Fiscal 2003 - 2005

The project to collect and prepare fundamental data necessary for the development of A/R CDM projects has taken place through field surveys in developing countries in support of potential project developers. Activities of the project include: (1) preparation of a commentary on modalities and procedures for A/R CDM; (2) development of simple methods for biomass measurement in baseline and project scenarios; (3) clarification of technical problems such as investment costs, socio-economic impacts and environmental impacts; and (4) the outcome of the project, that is, preparation of A/R CDM guiding materials for general public, including ''A Roadmap to A/R CDM'', an open database which is available at the website of the Forestry Agency.

Field survey in Indonesia for the collection of fundamental data for A/R CDM

œ Study of Technical Guidelines for Planning of A/R CDM Projects

Period of implementation: Fiscal 2003 - 2007

In order to facilitate participation by the private sector, both in developing countries and Japan, in A/R CDM project activities, the study to prepare technical guidelines for planning of A/R CDM projects has been extended. Activities within the sphere of the study include: (1) briefing on rules and procedures for the implementation of A/R CDM projects according to decisions made at the UNFCCC Conventions and the CDM Executive Board; (2) surveys on the states of readiness for A/R CDM projects in Indonesia, Vietnam, Panama, Burkina Faso, etc., (3) preparation of proposals for CDM Project Design Document (PDD) by setting up model forests in those countries; and (4) preparation of technical guidelines for planning of A/R CDM projects. The outcome of the study has been provided to the private sector in developing countries and Japan.

Land set aside for A/R CDM experimental forest in Panama, for which a PDD proposal was prepared

œ Study for Developing Technical Guidelines for the Rehabilitation of Vegetation at Yellow Sand Rising Areas

Period of implementation: Fiscal 2004 - 2008

Yellow Sand is a phenomenon in which soil and mineral particles are picked up by the wind in the continentfs arid and semi-arid regions such as the Taklamakan Desert and loess region, etc., and are carried to eastern Asia, including Japan, on the prevailing westerlies. The recent increased severity of the phenomenon indicates an influence of anthropogenic factors such as overgrazing and excessive expansion of cultivated areas. Yellow Sand has become a shared issue of environmental concern for the countries in northeastern Asia. Among the wide variety of measures to tackle the problem is the restoration of vegetation in areas where lands are anthropogenically degraded. This method is effective not only for the reduction of the Yellow Sand phenomenon but also for a variety of benefits from the restoration of forests. In this study, investigations into methods and techniques to efficiently restore vegetation that are highly effective in the Yellow Sand phenomenon control have been implemented in China and Mongolia. With the outcome of the investigations a technical manual for the restoration of vegetation in relevant lands will be prepared.

Investigation into the vegetation survival rate in the experimental site in China

œ Trials and Study on Small Scale A/R CDM

Period of implementation: Fiscal 2005 - 2009

In order to promote private sector participation in small scale A/R CDM, the trials and study on small scale A/R CDM* have taken place by establishing model forests in Indonesia and Panama, each of which differs in natural and social environments. Themes of the examinations include: (1) planting techniques, socio-environmental and socio-economic conditions, etc., which fulfill conditions for A/R CDM; (2) potential problems and measures to prevent them in the actual implementation of A/R CDM projects. *small scale A/R CDM: Net anthropogenic greenhouse gas removals by sinks is less than 16 kilotonnes of CO2 per year.

Two-year old Gmelina arborea in the model forest for trials and study on small scale A/R CDM, in Indonesia

œ Collaborative Project to Develop Programmes for the Restoration of Deforested Areas Surrounding Refugee Camps

Period of implementation: Fiscal 2006 - 2009

Natural environments in areas surrounding refugee camps are often severely degraded due to deforestation derived from over-harvesting of fuelwood, etc. In order to promote the restoration of such deforested areas and the sustainable use of forests, a collaborative project is in progress in the areas where refugee camps are concentrated in the western part of Tanzania. Programmes designed for the project include: (1) capacity building for the village leaders; (2) tree planting activities by school children; (3) reforestation activities by the local community; and (4) the diffusion of improved cooking stoves. Through these programmes the project aims to achieve a goal where the local community, themselves, decides on specific schemes to improve the environment and thereby carries out reforestation and sustainable management and use of forests on their own.

Technical Report

Villagers exchanging ideas with members of the village assembly in Tanzania

œ Project to Collect Relevant Data for GHG Inventory in Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry

Period of implementation: Fiscal 2006 -

The purpose of this project is to make contributions to Japan's negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change for post-2012 agreement. Activities carried out so far include: (1) promotion of international understanding of Japan's policies and measures to enhance forest carbon sinks and reservoirs; (2) collection of relevant data such as the states of other countries' estimating and reporting greenhouse gasses (GHGs) emissions and removals from forests under the Kyoto Protocol; and (3) collection and analyses of data necessary for the examination of verifiable methods for GHGs measuring and reporting emissions and removals from forests.

œ Project for the Development of Sustainable Forest Management Models to Address Illegal Logging

Period of implementation: Fiscal 2007 -

This project aims to develop global models of measurement of the extent of illegal logging and its impact on forest resources and timber markets. This study is carried out through analyses of statistics on forest resources and timber trades etc. as well as analyses of forest policies and laws in countries concerned. So far the collection of related data on forest resources and the implementation of field surveys in Russia and Indonesia, etc., have been completed.